Top Recommendations: Text Books and Revision Guides

Must Buy:

Get those Grades:

I used these text books to inform my power points. I also found them a huge comfort when ensuring that my lessons remained relevant to the new spec expectations.

Further Recommendations:

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Augustine’s Teachings on Human Nature: DCT

Lesson Plans: (my college has two hour teaching periods, so please adapt according to the length of your lessons):

Hand out A3 sheet

PP: Bubble ‘What can I remember about St Augustine’ – share as class

PP: Research ‘Who really is Augustine?’ – share as class

Go through PP up to Activity

Hand out text books (blue) and A3 blank sheets. Students create a story board with pictures and writing of The Fall

Alien Landing: In pairs one student has to explain the Fall to the other in one minute. The other student afterwards then asks two questions (see “But Miss it’s the end of the lesson!”: Perfect Plenaries for guidance on this activity).

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“Natural law provides a helpful approach when dealing with issues surrounding euthanasia”: Student’s Work

Writing application essays can be very difficult. You not only are juggling your topic with evaluation but applying it to an ethical issue. For help on structuring application essays see: Tackling the Application Essays.

Here are some examples of introductions and main paragraphs to show the structure:

This is an example of what I would class as a good introduction.  This is because it displays to an examiner all the necessary elements in a simple and clear way, yet remaining informative (not descriptive) and is effective in the way it handles the question. From reading this introduction it is obvious what the question is. Always a sign of a good start!


This is another introduction example. This demonstrates a different style of writing, yet the core structure (as above) is present. See how this student focuses on developing their evaluative tone with rhetorical questions (red) and demonstrates wider understanding through added details (green)

intro4When writing your paragraphs within an application essay, keep the structure simple: theme, link, evaluate – so in this question it might be: reason, sanctity of life and helpfulness.

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“What would Aquinas say about Euthanasia?”Tackling the Application Essays

How is your juggling technique? Well that is exactly what you need to do in application essays. You not only have to consider the topic but evaluate how well it applies to an ethical issue, juggling-too-muchwhilst at the same time taking into consideration the specific wording of the question. Hence why application topics are so challenging!

The application topics work as follows:

  • Natural Law and Situation Ethics as applied to euthanasia
  • Kant and Utilitarianism as applied to business ethics

My understanding is that there are three possible types of questions you might be asked in ethics:

  1. Specific topic and issue (e.g. Natural law provides a helpful approach when dealing with issues surrounding euthanasia)
  2. Two topic comparison with issue (e.g. Utilitarianism is more helpful than Kantian ethics when dealing with ethical dilemmas)
  3. Just issue (e.g. Evaluate the view that the religious concept of sanctity of life is outdated)


  • A question might say ‘ethical dilemmas’ or ‘ethical issues’ which means you still need to talk about the related application topic, even if it is not specified (like Q2.)
  • If the question is just on the issue, you still need to draw in arguments from one or both topics, not just a general discussion of the issue (like Q3.)

So here are my tips to help you handle an application question. These four steps will work with any type of application question.

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